thus, we are exposed to sunlight which is a key cause of blemishes. Even though trying to avoid sunlight by using umbrellas or even covering ourselves like mummies, we cannot be sure that problems will not occur because we have to encounter both UVA and UVB rays, as well as others visible lights and lights from offices. Even though walking in an air-conditioned department store, you are still exposed to UV rays. Some might be even unfortunate because they are allergic to cosmetics or have weak skin that can have dark spots and blemishes so easily. Furthermore, stress and changed hormones, hormones from birth control medicines and supplementary hormone for women who no longer have period can cause blemishes. The older we get the older our skin becomes and the excessive melanin are easily urged and difficultly removed, so blemishes occur. Also, ones inheriting genetic attributes of blemishes can hardly avoid blemishes.
It can be said that we just stay still and get blemishes. However, this is what we cannot allow. To wake up to see dark spots, blemishes and rash can decrease confidence. Ones with a lot of these problems may be seen as weird.
They are in the epidermis layer, so they are in light brown color with clear edges. If a blemish stays for long, melanin will be accumulated and buried in the dermis layer which is deeper, and the color will be grayish brown with blurry edge. Since it is in a deeper layer, it is more difficult to be treated. Many people who have had blemishes for long periods of time will have blemishes in both epidermis and dermis layers, as well as rash.
To treat blemishes requires multiple methods together in order to remove excessive melanin. No complete or 100% removal is possible. Don’t believe advertisements.
Cream with agents in Hydroquinone Group or vitamin A acid can reduce dark color melanins but can irritate the skin; hence, the use of these agents should be under the prescription by doctors.
Some people don’t think that treatments are necessary but they are like to apply ream over and over again which is not practical in real life because too much cream will make face look greasy and will not be absorbed into the face. On the contrary, treatments use some device to put ten times more effective in putting the cream into the skin layers. Thus, the effectiveness, such as brighter facial skin and less visible blemishes can be seen right away after the treatment.
There have been many questions such as whether the facial skin will become weakened, whether we can go out in the sunlight after the treatment, whether the symptoms will be aggravated, and whether there will be wound scab and crust or not. Lasers come in different types which can be roughly divided into skin peeling lasers, and non-skin peeling lasers.
Before having a treatment with skin-peeling laser, anesthetic will be applied before the treatment. After the treatment, there will be scab or crust in the square shape, or black spot from inflammation (post-inflammatory hyper-pigment), but a laser of this type gives rapid results and does not require frequent treatment, may be just once a month. Since after the first treatment, blemishes will become less visible but if the skin is not well-taken care of or vulnerable for marks ore blemishes, black spots or darker blemishes may follows.
Non-skin peeling lasers do not require any anesthetic but may need cooling products or cool breeze to reduce uncomfortable feeling during the treatment. Treatments with lasers of this type can be taken as often as once or twice a week and the problems will be gradually solved since the first treatment. The blemishes will become less visible within 5 – 10 times of treatment.
The melanin-reduction agent can be directly injected into the blemish area. Thus, the results are straightforward and rapid. This method is good for anyone that is always exposed to sunlight and does not want to have laser treatment.
Such medicines reduce Tyrosinase enzyme, blurring blemishes and rash. They can be used as good supplements to other treatments.
*** Warning: Please do not use creams that advertise that they give rapid effects, whiten the skin and can remove blemishes after using for a few times because they may contain Steroids, Mercury or skin-peeling agent, which weakens the skin and worsen the blemishes after stopping the use.
Blemishes and rash are difficult to be cured and can return very easily because of the abnormality of the skin has become in the DNA level. However, it does not mean that we cannot treat them at all. Apply sunscreen product to protect the skin from UV rays and re-apply the sunscreen during a day can give protection. The best way is to apply sunscreen at a very young age before blemishes occur. Anyone with dark blemishes that are in deeper skin layers can select the aforementioned treatments or consult doctors at WOW CLINIC before receiving the treatments in order to prevent the waste of time and money.
Article by Doctor Thirathat Samphaongoen, Anti-aging and Regenerative Doctor, a Physician of WOW CLINIC